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Acne macule

The word macule comes from the Latin macula meaning a small spot or blemish. The macule is the simplest dermatological lesion. It is flat and can only be seen and not felt. A macule is a small, flat, distinct, colored area of skin that is less than 10 millimeters in diameter, and does not include a change in skin texture or thickness.

A flat skin lesion that has an abnormal color, coloring that differs from the surrounding normal skin. Macule can be brown, blue, red, or lighter than the surrounding skin.

Methods to determine if lesion raised

    1. Side lighting
    2. Careful palpation

A macule greater than 1 cm. may be referred to as a patch.

Labial Melanotic Macule

Approximately 85% of the lesions occurred in women. Multiple lesions were identified in 10% of cases. The mean age at presentation was approximately 40 years.

Examples of macular lesions and skin disorders

  • Freckle
  • Lentigo
  • Vitiligo
  • Melasma
  • Tinea versicolor
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